Near East Relief Historical Society welcomes the passage of a historic Senate resolution recognizing and remembering the victims of the Armenian Genocide.
Dispatches are special stories from Near East Relief’s history.
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New Near East December 1920
In the December issue children of Near East Relief orphanages make “Christmas out of nothing” while fighting continues between Greek and Turkish forces, leading to the massacre of Greek villagers near Trebizond. In the aftermath of the Battle of Alexandropol NER workers chose to remain with the orphans and patients in their care and receive […]
New Near East November 1920
Inside the November issue NNE explores the different religions and sects of the region, tells the story of Miss. Myrtle O. Shane who refused to leave the children behind in Alexandropol and how NER workers in Adana kept the soup kitchen open during months of Turkish bombardment.
House Resolution 296: Recognition and Remembrance of the Armenian Genocide
On October 29, 2019, an overwhelming bipartisan majority in Congress approved a resolution to commemorate the Armenian Genocide through recognition and remembrance. The resolution acknowledged the crucial efforts of Ambassador Henry Morgenthau and Near East Relief on behalf of the survivors of the genocide.
Citizen Philanthropy: Say It With Flour!
Despite the end of World War I in 1917, war and food shortages continued in the Near East as competing powers fought for dominance throughout the region. Confronted with the challenge of how to feed thousands of refugees, Near East Relief found creative ways to appeal to the American public to support humanitarian work.
New Near East July/August 1920
In the July and August issue more than 100 Near East Relief workers prepare for the Fall Campaign at a conference in New Jersey and learn about the Armenians of Aintab fighting back with ancient cannonballs, homemade bombs and hand made spears. The Boy Scouts offer training in Smyrna and the children of Sivas excel […]
The New Near East – May 1920
For the month of May 1920 The New Near East Magazine took a trip to Harpoot, Samsoun, and Syria to visit several of the orphanages there, and reported on the Turkish Treaty, in which Turkey recognized Armenia as an independent and free state for the first time in history.
One Hundred Years of Service: How the Birds’ Nest Orphanage has Changed Lives for a Century
In November 2018, the Near East Foundation Board of Directors made a trip to Lebanon to visit NEF’s active programs. After an eventful week of visiting Near East Foundation project sites, individuals helped by NEF programs, and meeting with beneficiaries and community leaders and partners, the Board had the opportunity to visit the Birds’ Nest, […]
The New Near East – February 1920
For the month of February, 1920, the New Near East Magazine followed Ernest Yarrow as he took a tour of the operating districts in the Near East. In stark contrast to Yarrow’s glowing reviews of Near East Relief operations, are the photos and stories of the true plight of the refugees and children who called […]
The New Near East Magazine – January 1920
The New Near East, a magazine published starting in January of 1920, was crucial for engaging the American people in Near East Relief efforts. The stunning, and often heartbreaking photos, allowed for people a world away to see the plight of the Armenian people, and served as a critical tool for encouraging the life-saving citizen […]
Consular Legacies, Part Two: U.S. Diplomatic Records from Persia Show a Nation Buffeted by Stronger Powers and American Support for Persecuted Minorities
The diplomatic records available paint a picture of the pivotal role played by US diplomats and consular officers during and after the genocide. Blessed with a variety of resources, diplomats were able to provide humanitarian aid, advocate on the behalf of persecuted minorities, and encourage a peaceful solution to end the ongoing and violent conflict […]
Consular Legacies, Part One: Baghdad Consulate Records Document World War I and Post-War Conflicts and Tensions
NERHS is excited to collaborate with James David to explore the role played by consulates and diplomatic emissaries in Baghdad and Persia during World War I and the Armenian, Assyrian, and Anatolian Greek Genocide.
Mass Entertainment: An Exploration of Toys and Games in Near East Relief Orphanages
Near East Relief, while limited greatly by resources and the types of donations it received, did everything in its power to ensure that the children in its care were cared for in every way imaginable, including providing them with what toys they could as well as the opportunity to explore their own creativity and expression […]
Sandbag Lullabies: A Closer Look at the Day Nurseries of the Near East
In the early 20th century, the city of Constantinople was a multicultural center at the literal crossroads of Europe and Asia. An estimated 3,200 Armenian refugees came to Constantinople in 1920 and 1921 with many more still on the way. Widowed by the horrors of the Armenian Genocide, many of the women refugees were forced […]
Looking at Crisis Through Art
Today, the need to address crisis and social unrest through various art forms continues. Art, in all its forms, still serves as a powerful tool to shine a light on the work of organizations like the Near East Foundation, its history, and the plight of the people it continues to serve today.
A Forgotten Ally, Part Two: Answering the Call
Rev. Wirt and Viscount Shibusawa spearhead the effort of The Japanese people. Their work provided much-needed aid to the Armenian people and refugees. Special thanks to NERHS contributing scholar, Vicken Babkenian, who is an independent researcher for the Australian Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Sydney, for providing the information, his presentation, and photographs for this […]
Lest We Forget: Commemorating 103 years
Although the Genocide was marked by years of murder, abuse, forced deportations, and imprisonment at the turn of the 20th century, scholars mark the April 24th is the day of remembrance by the Armenians. The day we pause and reflect on the atrocities committed and remember and honor the lives lost and saved during those years. April […]
A Forgotten Ally, Part One: Reverend Wirt and Viscount Shibusawa
The work done by the Japanese people, spearheaded by Rev. Wirt and Visc. Shibusawa, provided much needed aid to the Armenian people. Without this international support, Near East Relief would not have been able to help as many refugees as it did. Special thanks to NERHS contributing scholar, Vicken Babkenian, for providing the information and […]
A Single Thread, Part Three: The Girls of Ghazir
The Ghazir orphanage gained a reputation for producing beautiful textiles due in large part to the immense skill of the young women and girls who called the orphanage home. In the third and final part of our exploration of Armenian textiles, we take a closer look at their enduring legacy.
SAVING LIVES, SUPPORTING COMMUNITIES: NEAR EAST FOUNDATION AT 101
On September 16, 1915, a group of businessmen, educators, and philanthropists met in New York City. Their mission: to save the lives of a suffering people in the Near East. One hundred and one years later, the Near East Foundation celebrates this history with an eye toward the future.
From Relief to Development: The Unstoppable Alice Carr
Alice Carr was a teacher, a nurse, and a lifelong humanitarian. Carr was a pioneering force behind Near East Relief’s orphanage work in Greece. She was also an accomplished medical specialist who helped transform Near East Relief to the Near East Foundation.
IN AZAD’S OWN WORDS: “Toward Jubeil”
This emotional essay by Azad Kechian, age 12, was published in the New Near East magazine in April 1924. In addition to being a Genocide survivor, Azad Kechian survived the devastating 1923 malaria epidemic that struck Nahr Ibrahim Orphanage and the surrounding community. He wrote about the experience of leaving his orphanage home for Jubail with a clarity and […]
The Orphans’ Doctor: Mabel Elliott (Part II)
Dr. Mabel Elliott was a physician with American Women’s Hospitals. She joined Near East Relief on loan from AWH in 1919, and served NER until October 1923. Elliott’s work with NER took her to the most dangerous and desperate places: Marash, Ismid, Alexandropol, the Greek Islands.
The Orphans’ Doctor: Mabel Elliott and Near East Relief
Dr. Mabel Elliott was a physician with American Women’s Hospitals. She joined Near East Relief on loan from AWH in 1919, and served NER until October 1923. Elliott’s work with NER took her to the most dangerous and desperate places: Marash, Ismid, Alexandropol, the Greek Islands. The intrepid Dr. Elliott was a true public health […]
A Quiet Leader: James L. Barton
Dr. James L. Barton led this organization for 21 years, from its beginnings as a temporary committee to its emergence as the internationally acclaimed Near East Foundation. Who was the quiet man behind the greatest American international humanitarian campaign of all time?
Alexandropol: Making the “Orphan City”
If one of your relatives grew up in a Near East Relief orphanage in Armenia, there is a good chance he or she lived in Alexandropol – a complex of three orphanages that housed more than 22,000 children at its peak. This dispatch is the first in a series about Alexandropol.