An Opening for Equality?

Date February 8, 1914


  • Blurb (Image & Text)


  • The Genocide

The Ottoman Empire had lost almost all of its European territory in the Balkan Wars of 1912 -1913. Russia remained a formidable enemy. Recognizing that the Ottoman Empire was newly vulnerable, a group of Armenian activists approached the European powers and Russia about a reform program.

Officials from the Russian and Ottoman Empires signed the Armenian Reform Act on February 8, 1914. The Act created two provinces from six historically Armenian Vilayet in eastern Turkey. It appointed two European inspectors general to oversee Armenian issues; they would live in the vilayets of Erzerum and Van.