The Rise of Turkish Nationalism

Date June 1919


  • Blurb (Image & Text)


  • The Burning of Smyrna

The conflict in Smyrna helps fuel the rise of Mustafa Kemal Pasha and Turkish Nationalism. A former Ottoman military officer (later known as “Atatürk,” or “Father of the Turks”), Kemal leads a split with the Allied Powers-approved Ottoman government and declares an independent Turkish state. Kemal assembles a competing government, the Turkish Grand National Assembly, and wages the Turkish War of Independence.