Date 1909 - 1913


  • Blurb (Image & Text)


  • A Crumbling Empire

The government adopted a policy of Turkification – the forced transition from the multicultural Ottoman Empire to a homogenous Turkish state. Turkification was an extreme form of nationalism. The government implemented a paramilitary training program for young men. Launched in 1913, the Association for the Promotion of Turkish Strength trained young warriors for the fight for Turkish identity. Enver Pasha’s War Ministry provided free rifles to youth groups. Government propagandists argued that a strong society must have only one culture, one religion, and one level of education. CUP leaders portrayed non-Muslims as an invasive virus within the Turkish nation.