A Crumbling Empire

Date 1800 - 1909


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  • A Crumbling Empire

In the 1300s, the Ottomans conquered the Armenian, Assyrian, and Greek regions of the Anatolian Peninsula. The Ottoman Empire’s reach only grew over the centuries. At its peak, it controlled much of the Middle East and parts of North Africa. However, cracks appeared by the dawn of the 19th Century: Greece claimed independence in 1821; Bulgaria, Romania, and Serbia gained independence in the late 1800s.