The Hamidian Massacres

Social and political conditions for non-Muslims deteriorated even further when the Russo-Turkish War ended. The despotic Sultan Abdul Hamid formed a special Kurdish military force called the Hamidiye. The true purpose of these well-armed cavalry regiments was to torment and assault Ottoman Armenians in what became known as the Hamidian Massacres. From Harpers Weekly, December 14, 1895